The abode of Mahādeva (Mahadeva) situated towards the east of Himālaya (Himalaya; the Himalayas). This place is spread across ten yojana ( an unit of measure) , and surrounded by fire. So the rākṣasas (rakshasas, monsters) and dānavas (danavas; a type of demons) cannot enter into this region. Mahādeva performed a great tapasyā (ascetisc penance) here, for thousand years.