- Different purāṇas (puranas) refer to King Adhisīmakṛṣṇa (Adhisimakrishna) as Adhisāmakṛṣṇa (Adhisamakrishna) or Adhisomakṛṣṇa (Adhisomakrishna), but the most commonly used name was Adhisīmakṛṣṇa. Abhimanyu’s grandson was Pārīkṣita (Parikshita) Janamejaya whose son was known as Śatānīka (Shatanika). According to Matsyapurāṇa (Matsyapurana), Adhisomakṛṣṇa was the son of Śatānīka. However, other Purāṇas record that Śatānīka’s son was Aśvamedhadatta (Ashwamedhadatta).This piece of information is attested by Mahābhārata (Mahabharata) as well.Adhisīmakṛṣṇa was the son of Aśvamedhadatta.
He was a just, righteous and sovereign ruler. Descriptions can be found of great yajñas (yajnas) organised by him at Puṣkarakṣetra (Pushkarakshetra) and Kurukṣetra (Kurukshetra). However, the verse in Matsyapurāṇa clearly states that a person named Aśvamedhadatta probably did not exist. Śatānīka obtained a son after performing the Aśvamedha (Ashwamedha) yajña. The son acquired as a result of Aśvamedha yajña (aśvamedhadatta) was known as Adhisomakṛṣṇa—
arthāśvamedhena tataḥ śatānīkasya bīryyavān.
jñajñe’dhisomakṛṣṇākhyaḥ sāmprataṃ yu mahāyaśāḥ.
Adhisīmakṛṣṇa’s son was called Nicakṣu (Nichakshu, elsewhere recorded as Bivikṣu or Bivikshu).
- At the beginning of Bhāgavatapurāṇa (Bhagavatapurana) and Vāyupurāṇa (Vayupurana), Adhisīmakṛṣṇa has been identified as Asīmakṛṣṇa (Asimakrishna). According to Bhāgavatapurāṇa, he was Śatānīka’s grandson, that is, Aśvamedhaja’s (Ashwamedhaja’s) son. This text also records that his son’s name was Nemicakra (Nemichakra). At the outset of Vāyupurāṇa, it is seen that it was during the reign of King Asīmakṛṣṇa that the hermits and sages inhabiting in the forest of Naimiṣa (Naimisha) heard the oration of Vāyupurāṇa.